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Urban Resilience Master Planning

Urban Resilience Master Planning (URMP) was developed by EMI to support long term planning and programming of disaster risk management activities. It is designed to align with core planning processes of local governments and follows international standards on risk management.

URMP optimizes resources by defining and distributing roles and responsibilities across various stakeholders at all levels of authority, based on EMI’s mainstreaming framework. It enables policy-makers to systematically and rigorously identify DRM programs, projects and activities (PPA), and to define processes for implementing these PPAs. These PPAs form an integral part of planning activities in the government since they constitute the basis for budgeting and investments.

Framework which indicates the workflow, process, and elements for developing the URMP.


The methodology for URMP follows similar principles and processes as other more conventional planning processes, e.g., land use planning; namely:

  • It is structured, systematic and follows a consistent step-by-step methodology;
  • It is science-based and data-driven;
  • It is multi-sectoral and multi-disciplinary;
  • It applies to all hazards; and,
  • It is participatory and consensus-driven.

URMP provides a common vision to all stakeholders; a realistic road map for decisions and actions; an indication of the priorities; and a mechanism for programming and budgeting. URMP has already been used in eight (8) cities[1]. Four (4) examples are cited below:

  • In Quezon City, Philippines, URMP paved the way for the establishment of a formal Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office which manages its overall disaster risk reduction and emergency response operations. It also provided the opportunity to integrate their Emergency Management System with its existing processes; and construct a physical facility for a centralized command, control and communications center following national guidelines and international standards.
  • In Kathmandu City, Nepal, the URMP also led to the institutionalization of its Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office along with the formulation of a comprehensive city-level emergency operations plan and a risk-sensitive land use plan.
  • In Dhaka, Bangladesh, URMP yielded to an investment package that will develop the emergency management system of the country.
  • In Pasig City, Philippines, the URMP brought about investments by the city to flood mitigation projects amounting to almost $4 Million USD.

URMP  provides stakeholders  an opportunity to understand the concepts of hazard, vulnerability and risk. Moreover it develops consensus on the trade-offs and the rationales for investment in urban resilience. Engaging stakeholders in the development of URMP acknowledges their roles and responsibilities in the implementation of plans. thus taking ownership.

The URMP puts in place a structured approach for setting up a science-based disaster risk management system, understood by all, and provides the rationale for investments in disaster risk reduction programs and projects.




[1] These include Istanbul (Turkey), Kathmandu (Nepal), Metro Manila (Philippines), Amman (Jordan), Mumbai (India), Pasig City (Philippines), Quezon City (Philippines), Dhaka (Bangladesh)


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