Risk-Sensitive Land Use Planning (RSLUP) involves mainstreaming DRM within the governance and operations of public and private institutions particularly in spatial and physical development plans. RSLUP incorporates DRM through institutional and legal reforms, plans, programs and projects that dictate land use, land management, and infrastructure development.
RSLUP is a new practice – especially in developing countries – planners and planning organizations lack experience and methodology in RSLUP. For planning institutions which are only familiar with traditional planning, the main difficulty is in how to use disaster risk information in determining its implications to development and spatial plans. This is necessary to formulate strategies to reduce risks and mitigate the impact of disasters in development. To address this, we partnered with various cities around the world to help them make their land use plans risk sensitive. Some examples are cited below:
- In Kathmandu City, Nepal, the city government developed and adopted the Kathmandu City Risk-Sensitive Land Use Plan, which was used as basis for developing the RSLUP framework in the entire Kathmandu valley.
- In Makati City, Philippines, the city government developed a Risk-Sensitive Urban Redevelopment Plan (RSURP) of one high-risk barangay which was subsequently extended to the other at-risk barangays.
- In Bangladesh, the lead planning agency for Greater Dhaka will soon be establishing an Urban Resilience Unit that will eventually be put to task in updating the land use plan of Greater Dhaka and make it risk sensitive.
- In Quezon City, Philippines, the existing City Comprehensive Land-Use Plan is being updated to incorporate the disaster risk information.
RSLUP integrates urban resilience in land use and urban development planning; construction and building licensing; and environmental management. This also leads to policies and investments geared towards proper environmental planning, designing of safer buildings and infrastructure, and improving the over-all preparedness of cities to respond to catastrophic events.