Rapid and uncontrolled urbanization, along with ill-informed planning and development decisions, have made it difficult for urban areas and fast-growing cities to integrate risk reduction parameters into spatial and physical development strategies. Although national and local authorities and institutions realize the importance of reducing risks to achieve urban resilience, there is still a lack of demonstrated practice and guidance on risk-sensitive land use planning.
To strengthen access to tools and guidelines on risk-sensitive land use planning (RSLUP) and urban development processes in the Asia-Pacific region, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) implemented the project ‘Addressing Disaster Risk through Improved Indicators and Land Use Management’.
Through the project, ADB together with AECOM will develop: (1) a Guidebook on Integrating Disaster Risk Management (DRM) into Urban Development Processes; and (2) a Discussion Paper on Incentives for Investing in DRM, based on the relevant experiences of selected cities in the region. EMI was engaged by ADB to formulate case studies on RSLUP and incentives for investing in DRM for the chosen Naga City in the Philippines. The formulation of the case studies will run from January 16 to June 15, 2015.
Over the five-month period, EMI will employ desktop research, focus group discussions, workshops, and key informant interviews with various stakeholders through three(3) field investigations (FIs). The first FI will involve series of consultations to gather data and introduce the objectives and undertaking of the case studies. It will also involve workshop to assess the context of RSLUP and incentives for DRM investment. In the second FI, a workshop will be organized and carried out to situate the progress of the city in the RSLUP process, share experiences of other local governments in RSLUP and mainstreaming DRM, and identify additional entry points to improve RSLUP practice. Finally, a validation workshop with stakeholders on the analyses and findings of the draft case studies will be held in the third FI.
The case studies will serve as inputs to the regional guidebook which intends to address common issues encountered by city planners and urban development practitioners in managing disaster risks; and the discussion paper which aims to provide examples of different types of incentives given by local governments to promote sustainable urban development.
 Naga City is centrally located in the Bicol region, a peninsula found on the southeastern tip of the Philippine island of Luzon. The city has a land area of 8,448 ha, in which 24.10% is allocated for commercial, industrial/agro-industrial and tourism purposes; 19.77% is for residential use; and 42.06% is reserved for agriculture, and a population of 174,931 based on 2010 Census. Naga is one of the fastest-growing economies in the country. Through Ordinance No. 2014-018, the Naga City Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office was created. (Source: City Government of Naga Website, http://naga.gov.ph/ retrieved February 4, 2015)