In support to disaster response efforts, EMI shares GIS data, maps, project reports, and studies on earthquake risk reduction in Kathmandu conducted between 2007-2013.
In 2007, EMI, in partnership with the German Federal Foreign Office, was engaged in the Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction in Megacities: A Pilot Application in Metro Manila and Kathmandu Project. The project conducted specific DRR capability and capacity building programs in Metro Manila and Kathmandu cities. The project also aimed to engage cities to undertake a sustained process that mainstreams sound DRR practices within their basic local governance functions, such as land-use allocations, urban planning, public works, social welfare, and disaster management. This approach by EMI had been proven to strengthen local human resource capabilities by improving the competencies of urban planners, disaster management professionals, and other professionals and managers.
In 2011, EMI worked with the National Society for Earthquake Technology (NSET) to provide technical assistance to UNDP for Strengthening Risk Sensitive Land Use Planning (RSLUP) and Implementation in Nepal. Specifically, the engagement provided technical support for the integration of risk-sensitive land use planning in local development processes and building by-laws and draw from the learning process ways to extend risk sensitive land use planning to selected municipalities in Kathmandu Valley. The methodology included consultations, dialogues (two rounds), advocacy and planning activities. Among the significant outputs of the project is the review of the RSLUP document which was crafted in 2010, and the conduct of an RSLUP Blended Training Program in 2012.
1. GIS files: Geospatial References, Built Environment, Natural Environment of Kathmandu Metropolitan City (KMC), Kathmandu Valley, Bhaktapur, Kirtipur, Lalitpur, Madhyapur Thimi
- KMC RSLUP Review and Consolidation (2011) – This initial consolidation of Risk-Sensitive Land Use Plan (RSLUP) for KMC is a continuation of efforts by KMC, Nepal Government Ministries and departments(i.e. MOHA, MOPPW, MOLD, DUDBC, and KVTDC), and by scientific organizations such as NSET and EMI with financial support from UNDP-Nepal. It presents a reviewed RSLUP document which was crafted in 2010. The development of the RSLUP received the backing and support of public officials from within KMC, as well as from other ministries and agencies of the Government of Nepal (GoN).
- Strengthening Risk Sensitive Land Use Planning and Implementation in Nepal Final Report (2012) – This report acts as a guide for the Nepal Ministry of Urban Development, Ministry of Physical Planning and Works, Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development, Department of Urban Development and Building Construction, Kathmandu Valley Development Authority and municipalities in formulating their risk sensitive land use plans.
- Road Map for Making Kathmandu Valley Development Concept Plan Risk Sensitive: Frameworks and Processes – The report provides a view and a framework on how the Kathmandu Valley Development Concept, published in 2001 can be made risk sensitive or disaster risk reduction and management (DRRM) compliant.
- KMC Sectoral Profile (2010) – The Sectoral Profile provides a compendium of data and information on the physical, social, economic, cultural, infrastructure, environmental, and institutional characteristics of the city, including its disaster risk landscape, which can serve as a chief source of information for planning, research, investments, decision-making, and other purposes.
- KMC Risk-Sensitive Land Use Plan (2010) – The RSLUP is a ten-year guide (2010-2020) for realizing KMC’s desired spatial pattern of development, with due consideration to the city’s seismic risks, emergency response and disaster management capabilities, through different land use policies and urban renewal schemes. The RSLUP builds on previous and existing land use plans, land use maps and land use-related programs of the government, as well as policies, initiatives and studies in disaster risk management (DRM) that affect Kathmandu, such as the Earthquake Disaster Mitigation in the Kathmandu Valley undertaken by JICA in 2002.
- KMC Emergency Operations Plan (2010)- The Kathmandu Metropolitan City Emergency Operations Plan (KMC EOP) is based on international best practices in emergency management. It is organized according to the following elements of a sound emergency management system: 1) Emergency Operations Center (EOC); 2) Incident Command System; and 3) Emergency Support Functions. In addition, the KMC EOP outlines common operating procedures for all KMC Departments, known as the 4) Concept of Operations for response (CONOPS).
- KMC Structuring and Implementing a Competent Disaster Risk Management Function (2010)- This report summarizes the activities, findings, accomplishments and recommendations for Structuring and Implementing a Competent Disaster Risk Management Function.
EMI acknowledges and is grateful to the agencies, organizations and individuals which provided data including Kathmandu Municipal Corporation, NSET (National Society of Earthquake Technology, Nepal), JICA (Japan Int. Cooperation Agency) and others.