Name of Funding Organization/Sponsor: World Bank - Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR)
Country and Location: Philippines
Start Date: June 2008
Completion Date: March 2009
Relatated Reports and Documents:
EMI, together with the Ateneo School of Government (ASoG), Manila Observatory (MO), and International Institute of Rural Reconstruction (IIRR) were commissioned by the World Bank Country Office in Manila (WBMO) to support local government capacity to manage natural disaster risks in the Philippines. Phase 1 of the project covered the gathering and analysis of pertinent data and information towards developing a strategic DRM framework for assessing the capacity of Philippine local government units (LGUs). This involved three activities: 1) Desk review, assessment and diagnostics of the gaps in knowledge, capacities, and corresponding needs and actions required for effective DRM coordination and implementation in a sample of LGUs within 10 target provinces; 2) Risk financing study to determine appropriate, feasible risk transfer options for the Philippines; and 3) Development of an implementation strategy for Phase II based on the findings and outcomes of Phase I.
EMI’s task covered several activities including an inventory of international DRM instruments, development of a methodology for testing the most relevant of these, and evaluation of these instruments based on a set of indicator criteria for local DRM mainstreaming. These activities were meant to support the development of a framework to assess the DRM capacity of LGUs in the Philippines.
Desk Review of International Disaster Risk Management Models and Tools Intended for Local Institutional Application
The desk review provided a comprehensive evaluation of international models and tools for mainstreaming DRM at the local level in the Philippines. The goal was not to make prescriptions of the most effective and applicable mainstreaming models and selected DRM tools but to highlight their salient features, strong elements, and even weaknesses that Philippine LGUs could learn from. As such, it did not aim to define a particular methodology or approach to be used in the Philippines.
The desk review covered 68 relevant DRM instruments which included operational frameworks, manuals, guidebooks, handbooks, guidelines, checklists, software programs, field guides and guide notes. Fifty five (55) of these instruments were classified as DRM tools, which are used for implementing specific DRM components, while 13 were classified as disaster risk management models or frameworks for presenting conceptual methodologies to mainstream DRM at the local level. The DRM tools were evaluated in comparison with other tools, particularly in terms of their relevance to DRR and the resources they require for application at the local level. The review of DRM mainstreaming models generated both conceptual and practical knowledge and insights in putting in place DRM systems and mechanisms at the local level.
Project Key Accomplishments and Contributions to Urban Risk Reduction
- Desk review to identify and collect tools, models and approaches related to mainstreaming of DRM at the international, regional, and sub-regional levels
- Development of a methodology for testing the most relevant tools, models and approaches for application by local government units
- Evaluation of the relevance and applicability of the DRM approaches to the mainstreaming of DRM at local level
EMI Personnel Involved
- Dr. Eng. Fouad Bendimerad, Project Director
- Dr. Bijan Khazai, Risk Analysis Expert
- Mr. Kristoffer Berse, Project Manager
- Mr. Jerome Cruz, Knowledge Management Assistant
- Mr. Winifredo Dagli, Knowledge Management Assistant
- Mr. Marino Deocariza, Research Assistant
- Mr. Irwin Lopez, Research Assistant
- Ms. Nadia Pulmano, Research Assistant