What is the DRMMP?
- An analytical model developed by EMI to guide local authorities in developing the “master plan”, which consists of strategies, policies, actions and processes for mainstreaming disaster risk reduction at the local level through a participatory planning process. A structured participatory process lays out the rationale and builds the consensus for each of these elements.
- Follows the approach set out in AS/NZS 4360-2004, a standard in risk management jointly developed by Australia and New Zealand, and recently adopted by the International Standards Organization as ISO31000 for risk management.
What are the principles underpinning DRMMP?
- Participatory Approach
- Locally developed and owned
The DRMMP Process
The DRMMP Framework presented in the figure below shows a sequential and iterative process with a feedback loop that allows continuous review, monitoring and evaluation of the plan. The process involves four phases namely:
- Diagnosis and Analysis
- DRMMP Framework Development
- Action Planning
It also recognizes the need for stakeholders’ participation and capacity development mechanisms.
Stories of Change from Four Cities
In the aftermath of the 1999 Marmara Earthquakes, the DRMMP concept paved the way for the development and adoption of the Istanbul Earthquake Master Plan (IEMP) which has been instrumental in rationalizing reforms in legislation, policy and institutional arrangements, as well as in justifying major capital investments for DRR in the city.
Metro Manila, Philippines
The DRMMP led to the implementation of the Makati Risk-Sensitive Urban Redevelopment Planning Project, which seeks to provide an urban redevelopment plan that will reduce disaster risks to the residents of a high-risk community and provide them with greater opportunities for socio-economic advancement.
The DRMMP resulted in two projects for Kathmandu aimed at updating and incorporating risk reduction parameters in the city's land use plan, and creating and building the competency of a DRM office within the city government to plan, coordinate, and implement programs related to risk reduction and disaster management.
The DRMMP Framework for Amman has provided 47 recommendations for the city, covering legal and institutional management, construction standards and practice, land use planning and environmental management, capacity development, knowledge management, and project management, among others.