While 70% of deaths are caused by earthquakes, climate-related disasters now account for over 80% of all disaster events and contribute enormously to economic losses and short and long-term population displacement triggered by disaster events.
The 5th annual Natural Hazards Risk Atlas (NHRA) assesses the natural hazard exposure of over 1,300 cities, selected for their importance as significant economic and population centres in the coming decade. Of the 100 cities with the greatest exposure to natural hazards, 21 are located in the Philippines, 16 in China, 11 in Japan and 8 in Bangladesh. The analysis considers the combined risk posed by tropical storms and cyclones, floods, earthquakes, tsunamis, severe storms, extra-tropical cyclones, wildfires, storm surges, volcanoes and landslides.
One of the lessons learnt from last year is the use of innovative technologies for assessing damages after disasters, said the ‘Disaster in Asia and the Pacific: 2014 Year in Review’ report by the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific.
“Disaster risk reduction saves lives and cuts losses,” says U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon.
The 2015 Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction (GAR15), prepared by the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) launched by the UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on March 4, 2015, states that economic losses from disasters are now reaching an average of US$250 billion to US$300 billion annually.
The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction has designated the City of Hoboken, New Jersey, USA, as a Role Model City of the Making Cities Resilient campaign for its flood risk management practices.
UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) released its study on “Disasters in Asia and the Pacific: 2014 Year in review” which provides an overview of natural disasters in the Asia-Pacific region and its impacts.
The Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR) is scheduled to take place in Sendai, Japan on 14-18 March 2015. The Conference will examine the accomplishments of the decade-long Hyogo Framework of Action (HFA) established in 2005 in Kobe, Japan.
More than 250 representatives from Japan’s business community have held an information-packed session to prepare for next month’s World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, which will see the adoption of a new global framework to guide risk reduction over the next decade.
In GAR15, new evidence on contemporary patterns and trends in disaster risk will be presented to assess to what extent the Expected Outcome of the HFA has been achieved or not.